What is the main cause of vulvar cancer?
Being exposed to human papillomavirus (HPV).
HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that increases the risk of several cancers, including vulvar cancer and cervical cancer. Many young, sexually active people are exposed to HPV , but for most the infection goes away on its own.
Can vulvar cancer be prevented?
There is no sure way to prevent vulvar cancer. Some risk factors for this cancer, such as your age and family history, are not within your control.
How can you reduce your risk of vulvar cancer?
Can Vulvar Cancer Be Prevented?
- Avoid HPV infection. Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for vulvar cancer. …
- Get vaccinated. Vaccines that protect against certain HPV infections are available. …
- Don’t smoke. Not smoking is another way to lower the risk for vulvar cancer. …
- Get regular pelvic checkups.
Can vulvar cancer go away on its own?
VIN may disappear on its own, but most women with VIN need some treatment. The condition sometimes becomes cancerous – about one in three women diagnosed with vulvar cancer also has VIN.
Does vulvar cancer spread fast?
Vulvar cancer begins on the surface of the vulva. Most of these cancers grow slowly, remaining on the surface for years. However, some (for example, melanomas) grow quickly.
What are the warning signs of vulvar cancer?
Vulvar Cancer Symptoms
- Constant itching.
- Changes in the color and the way the vulva looks.
- Bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation.
- Severe burning, itching or pain.
- An open sore that lasts for more than a month.
- Skin of the vulva looks white and feels rough.
What happens if you have vulvar cancer?
Some signs of vulvar cancer are skin changes in part of the vulva, a new bump, skin feeling thick or rough, itching, burning, an open sore, and new bleeding, spotting, or discharge from the vagina.
How did your vulvar cancer start?
This disease begins in the cells of the Bartholin glands, which are located on each side of the opening of the vagina. What causes vulvar cancer? Although the exact cause of vulvar cancer is not known, some squamous cell carcinomas of the vulva have been associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV).
What does vulvar cancer smell like?
A lump, nodule or wart-like growth on the vulva which you can feel by touching it. In the most advanced stages, foul-smelling vaginal discharge; blood-stained vaginal discharge between periods and abdominal pain.
What age can you get vulvar cancer?
The risk of developing vulval cancer increases as you get older. Most cases develop in women aged 65 or over, although very occasionally women under 50 can be affected.