What is the main risk factor for melanoma?

What are the risk factors of melanoma?

Factors that may increase your risk of melanoma include:

  • Fair skin. …
  • A history of sunburn. …
  • Excessive ultraviolet (UV) light exposure. …
  • Living closer to the equator or at a higher elevation. …
  • Having many moles or unusual moles. …
  • A family history of melanoma. …
  • Weakened immune system.

Who is more susceptible to melanoma?

People with fair complexion, blond or red hair, blue eyes, and freckles are at increased risk for developing melanoma. This risk is also higher for people whose skin has a tendency to burn rather than tan. Family history. About 10% of people with melanoma have a family history of the disease.

What is the cause of melanoma?

Acquired gene mutations

For example, ultraviolet (UV) rays are clearly a major cause of melanoma. UV rays can damage the DNA in skin cells. Sometimes this damage affects certain genes that control how the cells grow and divide. If these genes no longer work properly, the affected cells may become cancer cells.

What are 3 things that put you more at risk for getting skin cancer?

What Are the Risk Factors for Skin Cancer?

  • A lighter natural skin color.
  • Skin that burns, freckles, reddens easily, or becomes painful in the sun.
  • Blue or green eyes.
  • Blond or red hair.
  • Certain types and a large number of moles.
  • A family history of skin cancer.
  • A personal history of skin cancer.
  • Older age.
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Where does melanoma usually start?

Melanomas can develop anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start on the trunk (chest and back) in men and on the legs in women. The neck and face are other common sites.

How does melanoma make you feel?

General symptoms

hard or swollen lymph nodes. hard lump on your skin. unexplained pain. feeling very tired or unwell.

What is the life expectancy of someone with melanoma?

The overall average 5-year survival rate for all patients with melanoma is 92%. This means 92 of every 100 people diagnosed with melanoma will be alive in 5 years. In the very early stages the 5-year survival rate is 99%. Once melanoma has spread to the lymph nodes the 5-year survival rate is 63%.

Can you have melanoma for years and not know?

How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.

What foods help fight melanoma?

Antioxidants and Melanoma

Studies show selenium-rich diets may also reduce risk for melanoma and support survivorship. Foods rich in this antioxidant include Brazil nuts, scallops, lobster, barley, oats, whole wheat, wheat germ and milk.

What are 3 symptoms of melanoma?

Melanoma signs and symptoms

  • A large brownish spot with darker speckles.
  • A mole that changes in color, size or feel or that bleeds.
  • A small lesion with an irregular border and portions that appear red, pink, white, blue or blue-black.
  • A painful lesion that itches or burns.
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Can melanoma be cured?

A cure is often possible. Melanoma is found in the outer layers of skin and in the lower layers of the dermis. The likelihood of a cure is still good. The cancer cells have spread beyond the skin and are found in a lymph node(s) or lymph vessel(s) closest to where the melanoma began.

Does Stage 1 melanoma require chemo?

Treating stage I melanoma

Most often, no other treatment is needed. Some doctors may recommend a sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) to look for cancer in nearby lymph nodes, especially if the melanoma is stage IB or has other characteristics that make it more likely to have spread.