What is the prognosis for high grade bladder cancer?
T1Hg bladder cancer progresses to muscle-invasive or metastatic disease at a rate of 30% to 50% after 5 years. As a result, some studies advocate initial cystectomy based on the perceived acceptable morbidity and a 5-year disease-specific survival rate of 80% to 90%.
Is high grade bladder cancer serious?
It has not grown in toward the hollow part of the bladder, and it has not spread to the thick layer of muscle or connective tissue of the bladder (Tis, N0, M0). This is always a high-grade cancer (see “Grades,” below) and is considered an aggressive disease because it can lead to muscle-invasive disease.
What does high grade invasive bladder cancer mean?
The cancer cells look very abnormal and grow quickly. They are more likely to spread both into the bladder muscle and outside the bladder. In non-muscle-invasive tumours, the grade may be low or high, while almost all muscle-invasive cancers are high grade.
Does bladder cancer spread fast?
While it does not invade the tissues, these are usually “high grade” and have the potential to spread quickly. All bladder cancers can become invasive, so treatment is very important.
What is the best treatment for high grade bladder cancer?
In general, the main treatment options for bladder cancer are:
- Immunotherapy (local and systemic)
- Targeted therapy.
- Radiation therapy.
Is bladder cancer a death sentence?
Bladder cancer is not a death sentence. With chemotherapy and a healthy lifestyle, many people have recovered and are enjoying life cancer-free. After years of successful treatment for bladder cancer, the medical industry has learned a lot about bladder cancer.
Does high grade bladder cancer always come back?
Nearly three-fourths of patients diagnosed with high-risk bladder cancer will recur, progress, or die within ten years of their diagnosis. Even though most patients do not die of bladder cancer, the vast majority endures the morbidity of recurrence and progression of their cancer.
What are the signs that bladder cancer has spread?
The signs and symptoms of bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body include:
- tiredness or weakness.
- pain when urinating.
- difficulty urinating or inability to urinate.
- pain in the lower back on one side of the body.
- weight loss.
- swollen feet.
- bone pain.
Is bladder cancer curable if caught early?
What are the most common treatments for bladder cancer? Bladder cancer is highly treatable when it is diagnosed in the early stages.