Quick Answer: Why is acyclovir given to cancer?


Why is acyclovir used with chemotherapy?

SAN FRANCISCO-Low-dose intravenous acyclovir (Zovirax) provides effective prophylaxis against Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection or reactivation in leukemic patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy, Carole Miller, MD, said at the 35th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC).

What does acyclovir do to the immune system?

Aciclovir stops the herpes virus growing and spreading. This controls the infection and helps your body’s immune system deal with it. No medicine or treatment will remove the herpes virus from your body completely.

How bad is acyclovir?

Acyclovir is an important antiviral agent in the therapy of herpes simplex and varicella zoster virus infections [6]. Although the drug is well tolerated, severe nephrotoxicity, which often leads to acute renal failure, has been observed in patients [4, 7].

How long do you take acyclovir after chemotherapy?

Alemtuzumab should be accompanied by prophylactic acyclovir or valacyclovir, which should be given for at least 2 months after completing treatment.

Is acyclovir used for multiple myeloma?

Oral Acyclovir Is an Effective in Decreasing the Incidence of Bortezomib Associated Herpes Zoster in Patients with Multiple Myeloma.

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Does acyclovir weaken immune system?

We studied the immune response to CMV in patients who were taking acyclovir to assess if therapy could be used to suppress the CMV-specific immune response. The T cell reactivity against the immunodominant late viral protein pp65 was reduced by 53% in people who were taking acyclovir.

Can you take acyclovir everyday?

Take or use acyclovir at around the same time(s) every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take or use acyclovir exactly as directed.

What should you not take with acyclovir?

Common medications that may interact with acyclovir include:

  • amphotericin.
  • clozapine.
  • hepatitis B medications, such as entecavir.
  • HIV medications, such as tenofovir and zidovudine.
  • gentamicin.
  • NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, or naproxen.
  • other antivirals, such as valacyclovir.
  • probenecid.

How much water should you drink when taking acyclovir?

Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water or fluids every day while you are taking this medicine. This will help prevent side effects. You can still pass chickenpox, shingles, or herpes to another person even while you are taking this medicine.

What are the side effects of taking acyclovir?

Nausea, diarrhea, headache, or vomiting may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects.

Do antivirals weaken your immune system?

The inhibitory effects of antivirals on immune cells may contribute to the immune deterioration observed in patients following prolonged use of the drugs.

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Can chemo give you a yeast infection?

Yeast infections could happen during chemo, especially in women taking steroids or antibiotics to treat or prevent bacterial infections. If you have a yeast infection, you may notice itching inside your vagina or on the vulva. You may also have a thick, whitish discharge, and you may feel some burning during sex.

Do antiviral drugs cure viruses?

Antiviral drugs can ease symptoms and shorten how long you are sick with viral infections like the flu and Ebola. They can rid your body of these viruses. Viral infections like HIV, hepatitis and herpes are chronic. Antivirals can’t get rid of the virus, which stays in your body.