What is genitourinary cancer?
Genitourinary cancer is a term that encompasses cancers of the urinary tract or the male reproductive tract. It includes: Urethral cancer. Testicular cancer.
What is the most common genitourinary cancer?
Prostate cancer is by far the most common of genitourinary malignancies; it is characterized by relatively indolent behavior, propensity for bone metastases and reliance on the androgen receptor pathway that is exploited therapeutically with considerable success.
What are the types of female cancers?
When cancer starts in a woman’s reproductive organs, it is called gynecologic cancer. The five main types of gynecologic cancer are: cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar.
Is bladder cancer a genitourinary cancer?
Genitourinary cancers is a specialised field focusing on cancers found in the urinary system and the male reproductive system. These include prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer and cancers of the penis.
What are genitourinary problems?
Urogenital disorders are problems that affect the urinary and genital tracts (reproductive organs). Before birth, development of the urinary tract and genital tract are closely linked. The parts of the urinary tract are located near or run through parts of the genital tract.
Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?
Even after reporting the problem to their doctors, blood in the urine may be initially misdiagnosed. It may be seen as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or as a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.
What does it mean if cancer has spread?
The process by which cancer cells spread to other parts of the body is called metastasis. When observed under a microscope and tested in other ways, metastatic cancer cells have features like that of the primary cancer and not like the cells in the place where the metastatic cancer is found.
What does a genitourinary doctor do?
Doctors in genitourinary medicine (GUM) diagnose and treat sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. This page provides useful information on the nature of the work, the common procedures/interventions, sub-specialties and other roles that may interest you.
What are the early symptoms of female reproductive cancers?
Here are 10 cancer symptoms that every woman should be on the lookout for.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding. …
- Unexplained weight loss. …
- Vaginal discharge colored with blood. …
- Constant fatigue. …
- Loss of appetite or feeling full all the time. …
- Pain in the pelvis or abdominal area. …
- Changes in your bathroom habits.
How are female cancers diagnosed?
Doctors might perform a biopsy of the lesion, in which they take a sample and observe it under a microscope to look for abnormal cells. So far, only cervical cancer has a routinescreening test (the Pap smear).
How fast do gynecological cancers grow?
In fact, once cells in the cervix begin to undergo abnormal changes, it can take several years for the cells to grow into invasive cervical cancer. Many women experience precancerous changes in the cervix in their 20s and 30s, though the average woman with cervical cancer is diagnosed in her 50s.