What is the cause of carcinoid tumor?
Most carcinoid tumors are caused by sporadic changes (mutations) in oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. Mutations are called sporadic if they occur after a person is born, rather than having been inherited.
What age do carcinoid tumors occur?
Carcinoid tumors are rare, making up one half of one percent of all cancers. The average age of onset is in the early 60s. Women are slightly more likely to develop carcinoid tumors than men, and African Americans are at a slightly greater risk than whites.
Are carcinoid tumors common?
How common are they? Each year, about 8,000 adults in the United States (0.002% of the current US population) are diagnosed with a carcinoid tumor. The most common place for this type of tumor is the small intestine. People are most often diagnosed in their early 60s.
What foods to avoid if you have carcinoid tumors?
Avoid foods that contain high amounts of mines, nitrogen-containing organic compounds, as they can trigger the release of serotonin and other hormones. These foods include fatty meats, smoked or salted fish, aged cheeses, and even chocolate. There are other changes you can make to your diet to better manage symptoms.
How long does it take a carcinoid tumor to grow?
It is microscopic in size and then grows. How long does it take for a carcinoid tumor to grow to the size of 2 cm? In general, it can take 3-5 years and even up to 10 or longer for carcinoid tumors to grow. These are generally very slow-growing tumors.
Can carcinoid tumors be removed?
Surgeons often try to cure localized carcinoid tumors by removing them completely, which is usually successful. The options for GI carcinoid tumors that have spread to nearby tissues or to distant parts of the body are more complex.
Can carcinoid tumors cause weight gain?
Some carcinoid tumors produce ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone), a substance that causes the adrenal glands to make too much cortisol (a steroid). This can cause Cushing syndrome, with symptoms of: Weight gain.
Can carcinoid tumors cause death?
Carcinoid crisis can occur in people with carcinoid tumors when they are exposed to certain triggers, including anesthetic used during surgery. Carcinoid crisis can be fatal. Your doctor may give you medications before surgery to reduce the risk of carcinoid crisis.
Are carcinoid tumors aggressive?
They are usually large, solitary, sporadic tumors unassociated with hypergastrinemic states. Sporadic carcinoid tumors may be aggressive, with a high incidence of metastases and a 5-year survival rate of less than 75% .