What ethnicity is most at risk for colorectal cancer?
The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer varies by sex, race, and ethnicity (Figure 1). Overall, black males and females have higher incidence and mortality rates than white, American Indian and Alaska Native, and Asian and Pacific Islander males and females.
Why is colon cancer more common in males?
Conclusions. As there are minimal sex differences in the data from routes to diagnosis to survival, the higher mortality of colorectal cancer in men appears to be a result of exogenous and/or endogenous factors pre-diagnosis that lead to higher incidence rates.
What does poop look like with colon cancer?
Usually, the stools (poop) of the patients with colon cancer may have the following characteristics: Black poop is a red flag for cancer of the bowel. Blood from in the bowel becomes dark red or black and can make poop stools look like tar. Such poop needs to be investigated further.
What ethnicity has the lowest cancer rate?
White women are most likely to develop breast cancer, followed by black and Asian/Pacific Islander women. Hispanic and American Indian/Alaska Native women have the lowest incidence rates.
How do I know if I had colon cancer?
Blood in the stool that is either bright red, black or tarry. Unintentional weight loss. Stools that are narrower than usual. Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely.
What happens if they find cancer during a colonoscopy?
Usually if a suspected colorectal cancer is found by any screening or diagnostic test, it is biopsied during a colonoscopy. In a biopsy, the doctor removes a small piece of tissue with a special instrument passed through the scope. Less often, part of the colon may need to be surgically removed to make the diagnosis.
Should I be worried about colon cancer?
Any changes in your bowel movements, sudden changes in weight or abdominal pain should be taken seriously, says Vilar-Sanchez. “Changes in bowel movements, blood in stool or very dark stool can be red flags for colorectal cancer,” Vilar-Sanchez says.
Can you smell cancer in poop?
With the distinct odor of colorectal cancer, VOCs can be used as an indication of the presence of colorectal cancer; we can use scent detection to screen for colorectal cancer (De Boer).
Can you have colon cancer for years and not know it?
Colon cancer is typically slow-growing, starting as a benign polyp that eventually becomes malignant. This process may occur over many years without producing any symptoms. Once colon cancer has developed, it may still be years before it is detected.
What are the symptoms of stage 1 colon cancer?
What are the early warning signs of colon cancer?
- A persistent change in bowel habits.
- Narrow or pencil-thin stools.
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- Blood in the stool, rectal bleeding (blood may appear as bright red blood or dark stools)
- Persistent abdominal pain or discomfort, such as cramps or bloating.