How long can you live with subungual melanoma?
The survival rates can get lower depending on how advanced the condition is when diagnosed and treated. If subungual melanoma is diagnosed at its final stage, or Stage IV, the survival rate is 15% to 20% at five years and 10% to 15% at 10 years.
How long can you have nail melanoma?
As a general rule, the outlook for subungual melanoma is poorer than other melanoma types, as there is often a delay in diagnosis. The 5-year survival rate for subungual melanoma can vary greatly, from 16 to 87 percent, depending upon how extensively the cancer has spread.
Is toenail melanoma painful?
It may sometimes look like a wart (verrucous). It is usually painless, but an advanced tumour invading underlying bone may cause severe pain. A melanocytic naevus of the nail matrix results in a pigmented band (melanonychia).
Where does nail melanoma start?
Subungual melanoma is a type of melanoma in the nails. Unlike other types of nail melanoma that grow in the surrounding skin, this type begins in the nail matrix. The nail matrix is a part of the nail bed that protects the underlying skin.
How aggressive is subungual melanoma?
The key points to remember for subungual melanoma are: It has the same histopathological process as cutaneous malignant melanoma. Some studies suggest it is more aggressive than cutaneous malignant melanoma, but this is likely due to late presentation. It should be diagnosed using excision or an incision biopsy.
Can you have melanoma for years and not know?
How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.
Is nail melanoma curable?
While anyone can develop melanoma on their nails, it’s more common in older individuals and people with skin of color. A personal or family history of melanoma or previous nail trauma may also be risk factors. The good news is that when found early, melanoma — even on the nails — is highly treatable.
How do I know if I have toenail fungus or a bruise?
If the spot is black and shiny, it is likely a bruise and less likely toenail fungus, especially if you recall when or why that bruising might have occurred (example, if you stubbed your toe). If the discoloration is yellow, gray, or greenish in tint, it is more likely a toenail fungus infection.
Does toenail melanoma grow out?
Mistaken for a bruise
Many people first mistake subungual melanoma as a bruise. However, unlike a bruise, the streaks from subungual melanoma do not heal or grow out with the nail over time.
Is a toenail biopsy painful?
Dermatologists as a general rule don’t like to take biopsies of the nail unit, as they are difficult to prepare for and require a special setup. Nail biopsies can slow down the pace of your clinic, and the procedure is painful and inconvenient for the patient.”
How do I know if I have foot melanoma?
Look for the signs of melanoma
Brown or black vertical line under a toenail. Pinkish-red spot or growth. New spot or growth where you injured your foot. Rapidly growing mass on your foot, especially where you once injured your foot.