Frequent question: How common is skin cancer in New Zealand?

What percent of New Zealanders get skin cancer?

Research suggests that two in three New Zealanders will develop a non-melanoma skin cancer during their lifetime.

How many people get skin cancer a year NZ?

Most skin cancers are treated by doctors in their communities. A much smaller number need treatment at hospital. It is estimated that over 80,000 Kiwis get non melanoma skin cancer each year. Each year more than 2,000 melanomas are reported to the New Zealand cancer registry.

How common is skin cancer NZ?

Skin cancer, including melanoma, is New Zealand’s most common cancer. It is estimated that skin cancers account for 80% of all new cancers each year.

Which country has the highest rate of skin cancer?

There were nearly 300,000 new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of melanoma of the skin in 2018 are given in the tables below.

Skin cancer rates: both sexes.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Australia 33.6
2 New Zealand 33.3
3 Norway 29.6
4 Denmark 27.6

At what rate is skin cancer increasing in NZ?

New Zealand has one of the highest age-standardised incidence rates of melanoma in the world, occurring in approximately 35 to 40 people per 100,000 population, each year.

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How many Kiwis are affected by cancer?

Approximately 25,000 Kiwis are diagnosed with cancer every year, most commonly breast, lung, prostate and colorectal (bowel) cancers. Nearly 3000 of those are Māori, who are twice as likely to die from cancer than non-Māori.

How is skin cancer prevented?

Practice Sun Safety

  1. Stay in the shade.
  2. Wear clothing that covers your arms and legs.
  3. Wear a hat with a wide brim to shade your face, head, ears, and neck.
  4. Wear sunglasses that wrap around and block both UVA and UVB rays.
  5. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.

What melanoma looks like NZ?

Border – The edges are often ragged, notched, blurred, or irregular in outline; the pigment may spread into the surrounding skin. Colour – The colour is uneven. Shades of black, brown, and tan may be present. Areas of white, grey, red, pink, or blue also may be seen.

How urgent is skin cancer?

Your GP may refer you urgently, within 2 weeks, for squamous cell skin cancer. Basal cell skin cancers usually don’t need an urgent referral but you should still see a specialist within 18 weeks.

Where is skin cancer most common on body?

Skin cancer develops primarily on areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and on the legs in women. But it can also form on areas that rarely see the light of day — your palms, beneath your fingernails or toenails, and your genital area.

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What are the signs of skin cancer?

In most cases, cancerous lumps are red and firm and sometimes turn into ulcers, while cancerous patches are usually flat and scaly. Non-melanoma skin cancer most often develops on areas of skin regularly exposed to the sun, such as the face, ears, hands, shoulders, upper chest and back.