What kind of treatment will I need?
Does oral cancer spread quickly?
Most oral cancers are a type called squamous cell carcinoma. These cancers tend to spread quickly. Smoking and other tobacco use are linked to most cases of oral cancer. Heavy alcohol use also increases the risk for oral cancer.
How do you know if mouth cancer has spread?
X-rays to see if cancer cells have spread to the jaw, chest, or lungs. a CT scan to reveal any tumors in your mouth, throat, neck, lungs, or elsewhere in your body. a PET scan to determine if the cancer has traveled to lymph nodes or other organs.
Which cancer is most likely to cause a secondary tumor?
Metastatic brain cancer (also called secondary brain tumors) is caused by cancer cells spreading (metastasizing) to the brain from a different part of the body. The most common types of cancer that can spread to the brain are cancers of the lung, breast, skin (melanoma), colon, kidney and thyroid gland.
Where does mouth cancer usually start?
Mouth cancers most commonly begin in the flat, thin cells (squamous cells) that line your lips and the inside of your mouth.
Is mouth cancer painful to touch?
In the early stages, mouth cancer rarely causes any pain. Abnormal cell growth usually appears as flat patches. A canker sore looks like an ulcer, usually with a depression in the center. The middle of the canker sore may appear white, gray, or yellow, and the edges are red.
What is the last stage of mouth cancer?
Stage IV is the most advanced stage of mouth cancer. It may be any size, but it has spread to: nearby tissue, such as the jaw or other parts of the oral cavity.
How long can you survive untreated mouth cancer?
The Outlook For People With Untreated Oral Cancers
The survival rate among people with early-stage untreated mouth cancer is around 30% for five years, whereas the rate gets reduced to 12% for people with Stage 4 untreated mouth cancer.
How is mouth cancer permanently treated?
If the cancer has not spread beyond the mouth or the part of your throat at the back of your mouth (oropharynx) a complete cure may be possible using surgery alone. If the cancer is large or has spread to your neck, a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be needed.
What happens if mouth cancer is left untreated?
If left untreated, there is a high chance of the cells developing into a cancer. Your doctor may completely remove the cancer cells during a biopsy if the affected area is very small. Or you may need to have minor surgery. Your doctor removes the cancer cells by taking a thin layer of tissue from the affected area.
Where is oral cancer most commonly found?
The most common locations for cancer in the oral cavity are:
- Floor of the mouth.
What can be mistaken for oral cancer?
Symptoms of oral cancer are commonly mistaken for other, less serious conditions, such as a toothache or mouth sore. If seemingly benign symptoms persist, however, you should call your doctor, who may recommend tests to check for oral cancer. Symptoms may include: A mouth sore that won’t heal.