Is MALT lymphoma a non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
How long can you live with MALT lymphoma?
Prognosis: the overall five-year survival and disease-free survival rates are as high as 90% and 75%, respectively. 70-80% of patients reveal complete remission of MALT lymphoma following successful eradication of H. pylori.
Is gastric MALT lymphoma curable?
Regression of gastric MALT lymphoma can be done in the early stages of the disease by eradication therapy. The majority of cases with MALT lymphoma are cured by eradication therapy, but there are cases that need to be treated with rituximab alone or in combination with other drugs.
What is another name for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (also known as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, NHL, or sometimes just lymphoma) is a cancer that starts in white blood cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the body’s immune system. NHL is a term that’s used for many different types of lymphoma that all share some of the same characteristics.
Can MALT lymphoma spread to the brain?
The clinical course of MALT lymphoma is relatively indolent and, in the majority of cases (50%), the lymphoma arises within the stomach. Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), an uncommon variant of extranodal NHL, can affect any part of the neuraxis, including the eyes, brain, leptomeninges, or spinal cord.
How does MALT lymphoma spread?
You usually have low doses of radiotherapy to the area of the lymphoma. In some people, the MALT has spread to nearby lymph nodes or, less often, to another body organ when it is diagnosed.
Can MALT lymphoma come back?
Relapsed and refractory MALT lymphoma
MALT lymphoma often comes back (relapses) after successful treatment, often several years later. If MALT lymphoma comes back, it often affects the same organ as before but it can come back in other places.
What percentage of Sjogren’s patients get lymphoma?
Among patients with Sjögren syndrome, the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is 4.3% (18.9 times higher than in the general population), with a median age at diagnosis of 58 years. The mean time to the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma after the onset of Sjögren syndrome is 7.5 years.
Is MALT lymphoma an autoimmune disease?
MALT lymphoma, especially of extragastric origin, is thought to be associated with an underlying autoimmune disease (AD) in a significant proportion of patients. No systematic assessment of the clinical characteristics of MALT lymphoma arising in AD as opposed to patients without AD has been performed so far.
Is MALT lymphoma cancerous?
Lymphoma is a cancer of the white blood cells. MALT lymphoma is an uncommon form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
Is MALT lymphoma genetic?
To date, no familial background for the development of MALT lymphoma has been reported, but our cases nevertheless suggest that the combination of autoimmune disease and MALT lymphoma in a first degree relative might constitute a risk factor for consecutive MALT lymphoma development.
What causes stomach lymphoma?
The exact cause of primary gastric lymphoma is unknown. However, a strong association between infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and the development of MALT gastric lymphoma has been established.