Can lymphoma be caused by environmental factors?
Environmental risk factors suggested for other types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) include exposure to ionizing radiation (both lifetime and antenatal), pesticides, and, in utero exposure to cigarette smoke, benzene and nitrogen dioxide (via the mother).
What are the causes of Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Hodgkin lymphoma is caused by a change (mutation) in the DNA of a type of white blood cell called B lymphocytes, although the exact reason why this happens isn’t known. The DNA gives the cells a basic set of instructions, such as when to grow and reproduce.
Which factors increase the risk of developing Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma include:
- Age. Hodgkin lymphoma occurs most often in people in their 20 and 30s or after age 55.
- Gender. More men than women get Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Family history. …
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. …
- HIV infection. …
- Weakened immune system.
Can stress cause lymphoma?
There is no evidence that stress can make lymphoma (or any type of cancer) worse. Remember: scientists have found no evidence to suggest that there’s anything you have, or have not done, to cause you to develop lymphoma.
Can Hodgkin’s lymphoma be completely cured?
Overall, treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is highly effective and most people with the condition are eventually cured.
Who is most at risk for Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is most often diagnosed in people between 15 and 30 years old and those over 55. A family history of lymphoma. Having a blood relative with Hodgkin’s lymphoma or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma increases your risk of developing Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Who is most at risk for lymphoma?
Age. People between the ages of 15 and 40 and people older than 55 are more likely to develop Hodgkin lymphoma. Gender. In general, men are slightly more likely to develop Hodgkin lymphoma than women, although the nodular sclerosis subtype is more common in women (see the Introduction).
What age group gets lymphoma?
The first group is people in early adulthood, particularly people in their 20s. Approximately 2,000 new cases of the disease will be diagnosed in people age 20 to 29 this year. The second is people older than 55. The average age of diagnosis is 39.
What are the warning signs of lymphoma?
Some common signs and symptoms include:
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
- Weight loss.
- Fatigue (feeling very tired)
- Swollen abdomen (belly)
- Feeling full after only a small amount of food.
- Chest pain or pressure.
- Shortness of breath or cough.